BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
THE JAMES MARSHALL AND MARIE-LOUISE OSBORN
MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE MANUSCRIPTS
John Watton, (or Wotton), attributed author, Speculum Christiani,
and an unidentified text. England; mid-fifteenth century.
ff. 1r-62v Unidentified Latin alphabetical preacher's manual
ff. 64r-100v Speculum Christiani. Incipit: "In principio cuiuslibet
operis;" Explicit: "Cum enim decimas" (p. 221, l. 21 of EETS edition).
Paper; i + 100 + i ff.; 292 x 202 mm.; 1 column; ff. 1-62v: 37 lines;
ff. 64r-85r: 28-42 lines.
I (16, -1), II-IV (16), V-VI (12), VII (12, +13). The last four
quires (the quires of the Speculum Christiani) are numbered 1-4.
Anglicana script, (Scribe 1, ff. 1-62v) with frequent use of
single-compartment a. Scribe 2 (64r-100v) writes in Secretary. On f.
85v two ladders are drawn, one for "Celum," one for "Infernum." On the
rungs are written the virtues and vices pertaining to each, eight for
heaven and nine for hell. The uprights also are inscribed, Spes and
Fides for heaven, and Superbia and Larga Consciencia for hell. Headings
and various names and phrases in the Speculum Christiani are
rubricated. Bound in limp vellum. The spine has the shelf number "MS
Loci qm Theologi Ord: Alpho 80."
Lord Tollemache's Library at Helmingham Hall: no. LJ.V.14.
Lawrence Witten, Catalogue 5. Bequest of James M. Osborn, 1976.
Comments: The first text is an unidentified alphabetical
compendium for the use of composing sermons. It is incomplete at the
beginning, starting with the entry Amor, and continues with 149 entries
to Christi acensio (under X). The colophon reads, "Nunc finem fixi
penitet me si mali scripti." The Speculum Christiani is also a manual
for the use of preachers. The text which deals with Christian virtues
and vices, is mainly Latin, with several Middle English passages in
both poetry and prose. The Middle English verse sections are listed in
the "Index of Middle English Verse" nos. 1491, 2119, 2167, and 4150.
To request this material for use in the Beinecke reading room, please go to Orbis, the Yale University Library catalog.